Princes Risborough is situated on the western side of Buckinghamshire. The civil parish comprises the small Country town of Princes Risborough, the village of Monks Risborough, and the hamlets of Whiteleaf (with its notable Cross cut in the chalk hillside), Alscot, Askett, Cadsden and part of Horsenden. In area it measures approximately four square miles.
Princes Risborough is splendidly situated between the steep westward escarpment of the Chiltern Hills and the fertile Vale of Aylesbury. The town stands about 400 feet above sea level but the higher parts of the parish above Whiteleaf attain an elevation of nearly 800 feet.
The Chiltern Hills here command some of the finest panoramic views obtainable in the Home Counties, extending over the Thames into Berkshire, westwards to Oxford and to the northwest across the Midland shires. It is also a fantastic place to spot Red Kites that are flourishing in this part of the Chilterns.